Fauna Toolkit: Bird Bones

Bones from living and extinct bird species

A portal to 3D digitised models of bird bones from museum collections.

234 entries from 65 species in 29 families and 19 orders are now available from the Index below.

Established and maintained with support from
Massey University
Canterbury Museum
Auckland Museum
Index
 

Scroll through the table or use the filter panel to find 3D digitised bird bones. You can filter using one word at a time. The filter can be reset by clicking the Filter button when there are no words entered into the panel.

Click on any of the fields in the row to view the corresponding 3D model.

e.g. "Sphenisciformes" or "penguin" or "femur"

Order
Family
Scientific name
Common name
Bone
Side
Dinornithiformes
Dinornithidae
Dinornis robustus
South Island giant moa
Pelvis
Midline
Dinornithiformes
Dinornithidae
Dinornis robustus
South Island giant moa
Femur
Right
Dinornithiformes
Dinornithidae
Dinornis robustus
South Island giant moa
Tibiotarsus
Right
Dinornithiformes
Dinornithidae
Dinornis robustus
South Island giant moa
Fibula
No data yet
Dinornithiformes
Dinornithidae
Dinornis robustus
South Island giant moa
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Dinornithiformes
Emeidae
Anomalopteryx didiformis
Little bush moa
Atlas
Midline
Dinornithiformes
Emeidae
Anomalopteryx didiformis
Little bush moa
Axis
Midline
Dinornithiformes
Emeidae
Anomalopteryx didiformis
Little bush moa
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Dinornithiformes
Emeidae
Anomalopteryx didiformis
Little bush moa
Skull
Midline
Dinornithiformes
Emeidae
Pachyornis elephantopus
Heavy-footed moa
Pelvis
Midline
Dinornithiformes
Emeidae
Pachyornis elephantopus
Heavy-footed moa
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Dinornithiformes
Emeidae
Pachyornis elephantopus
Heavy-footed moa
Femur
Left
Dinornithiformes
Emeidae
Pachyornis elephantopus
Heavy-footed moa
Tibiotarsus
Right
Dinornithiformes
Megalapterygidae
Megalapteryx didinus
Upland moa
Femur
Left
Dinornithiformes
Megalapterygidae
Megalapteryx didinus
Upland moa
Tibiotarsus
Left
Dinornithiformes
Megalapterygidae
Megalapteryx didinus
Upland moa
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Apterygiformes
Apterygidae
Apteryx mantelli
North Island brown kiwi
Femur
Right
Apterygiformes
Apterygidae
Apteryx mantelli
North Island brown kiwi
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Casuariiformes
Casuariidae
Dromaius novaehollandiae
Emu
Femur
Right
Anseriformes
Anatidae
Tadorna variegata
Pūtangitangi / Paradise shelduck
Coracoid
Left
Anseriformes
Anatidae
Tadorna variegata
Pūtangitangi / Paradise shelduck
Humerus
Right
Anseriformes
Anatidae
Tadorna variegata
Pūtangitangi / Paradise shelduck
Radius
Left
Anseriformes
Anatidae
Tadorna variegata
Pūtangitangi / Paradise shelduck
Carpometacarpus
Left
Anseriformes
Anatidae
Tadorna variegata
Pūtangitangi / Paradise shelduck
Femur
Right
Anseriformes
Anatidae
Tadorna variegata
Pūtangitangi / Paradise shelduck
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Galliformes
Phasianidae
Phasianus colchicus
Common pheasant
Coracoid
Right
Galliformes
Phasianidae
Phasianus colchicus
Common pheasant
Humerus
Right
Galliformes
Phasianidae
Phasianus colchicus
Common pheasant
Radius
Left
Galliformes
Phasianidae
Phasianus colchicus
Common pheasant
Ulna
Right
Galliformes
Phasianidae
Phasianus colchicus
Common pheasant
Carpometacarpus
Left
Galliformes
Phasianidae
Phasianus colchicus
Common pheasant
Femur
Right
Galliformes
Phasianidae
Phasianus colchicus
Common pheasant
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Muriwaimanu tuatahi
Waipara penguin
Ulna
Left
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Muriwaimanu tuatahi
Waipara penguin
Carpometacarpus
Left
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Muriwaimanu tuatahi
Waipara penguin
Femur
Left
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Muriwaimanu tuatahi
Waipara penguin
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Waimanu manneringi
Mannering's penguin
Synsacrum
Midline
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Waimanu manneringi
Mannering's penguin
Pelvis
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Waimanu manneringi
Mannering's penguin
Tibiotarsus
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Waimanu manneringi
Mannering's penguin
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Sequiwaimanu rosieae
Rosie's penguin
Skull
Midline
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Sequiwaimanu roseiae
Rosie's penguin
Vertebrae
Midline
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Sequiwaimanu roseiae
Rosie's penguin
Humerus
Left
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Sequiwaimanu roseiae
Rosie's penguin
Ulna
Left
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Sequiwaimanu roseiae
Rosie's penguin
Radius
Left
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Sequiwaimanu roseiae
Rosie's penguin
Carpometacarpus
Left
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Sequiwaimanu roseiae
Rosie's penguin
Femur
Left
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Aptenodytes patagonicus
King penguin
Humerus
Left
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Aptenodytes patagonicus
King penguin
Femur
Left
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Aptenodytes forsteri
Emperor penguin
Humerus
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Pygoscelis adeliae
Adelie penguin
Femur
Left
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Pygoscelis adeliae
Adelie penguin
Tibiotarsus
Left
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Pygoscelis antarctica
Chinstrap penguin
Humerus
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Pygoscelis antarctica
Chinstrap penguin
Radius
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Pygoscelis antarctica
Chinstrap penguin
Ulna
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Pygoscelis antarctica
Chinstrap penguin
Carpometacarpus
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Pygoscelis antarctica
Chinstrap penguin
Digit 1 phalanx 1
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Pygoscelis antarctica
Chinstrap penguin
Digit 2 phalanx 1
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Pygoscelis antarctica
Chinstrap penguin
Digit 2 phalanx 2
Right
Sphenisciformes
Spheniscidae
Spheniscus humboldti
Humboldt penguin
Humerus
Left
Procellariiformes
Oceanitidae
Garrodia nereis
Grey-backed storm petrel
Humerus
Left
Procellariiformes
Oceanitidae
Garrodia nereis
Grey-backed storm petrel
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Diomedeidae
Diomedea antipodensis
Antipodean albatross
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Diomedeidae
Diomedea epomophora
Toroa / Southern royal albatross
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Diomedeidae
Diomedea exulans
Wandering albatross
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Diomedeidae
Phoebetria palbebrata
Toroa pango / Light-mantled Albatross
Femur
Right
Procellariiformes
Diomedeidae
Thalassarche bulleri
Buller's albatross
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Diomedeidae
Thalassarche cauta
White-capped mollymawk
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Diomedeidae
Thalassarche chlororhynchus
Atlantic yellow-nosed albatross
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Diomedeidae
Thalassarche chrysostoma
Grey-headed albatross
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Diomedeidae
Thalassarche melanophris
Black-browed albatross
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Aphrodroma brevirostris
Kerguelen Petrel
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Aphrodroma brevirostris
Kerguelen Petrel
Humerus
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Ardenna creatopus
Pink-footed Shearwater
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Ardenna creatopus
Pink-footed Shearwater
Humerus
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Ardenna grisea
Tītī / Sooty shearwater
Coracoid
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Ardenna grisea
Tītī / Sooty shearwater
Humerus
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Ardenna grisea
Tītī / Sooty shearwater
Ulna
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Ardenna grisea
Tītī / Sooty shearwater
Radius
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Ardenna grisea
Tītī / Sooty shearwater
Carpometacarpus
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Ardenna grisea
Tītī / Sooty shearwater
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Ardenna grisea
Tītī / Sooty shearwater
Tibiotarsus
left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Calonectris diomedea
Scopoli's shearwater
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Calonectris diomedea
Scopoli's shearwater
Humerus
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Daption capense
Cape petrel
Femur
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Halobaena caerula
Blue petrel
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Halobaena caerula
Blue petrel
Humerus
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Macronectes giganteus
Southern giant petrel
Humerus
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Macronectes giganteus
Southern giant petrel
Femur
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Pachyptila vittata
Pararā / Broad-billed prion
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Pachyptila vittata
Pararā / Broad-billed prion
Humerus
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Pelecanoides georgicus
South Georgia diving petrel
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Pelecanoides georgicus
South Georgia diving petrel
Humerus
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Pelecanoides urinatrix
Common diving petrel
Humerus
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Pelecanoides urinatrix
Common diving petrel
Radius
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Pelecanoides urinatrix
Common diving petrel
Ulna
Right
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Procellaria cinerea
Kuia / Grey Petrel
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Procellaria cinerea
Kuia / Grey Petrel
Humerus
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Pterodroma inexpectata
Korure / Mottled petrel
Femur
Left
Procellariiformes
Procellariidae
Pterodroma inexpectata
Korure / Mottled petrel
Humerus
Left
Phaethontiformes
Phaethontidae
Phaethon rubricauda
Amokura / Red-tailed tropicbird
Coracoid
Right
Phaethontiformes
Phaethontidae
Phaethon rubricauda
Amokura / Red-tailed tropicbird
Humerus
Right
Phaethontiformes
Phaethontidae
Phaethon rubricauda
Amokura / Red-tailed tropicbird
Radius
Left
Phaethontiformes
Phaethontidae
Phaethon rubricauda
Amokura / Red-tailed tropicbird
Ulna
Right
Phaethontiformes
Phaethontidae
Phaethon rubricauda
Amokura / Red-tailed tropicbird
Carpometacarpus
Left
Phaethontiformes
Phaethontidae
Phaethon rubricauda
Amokura / Red-tailed tropicbird
Femur
Right
Phaethontiformes
Phaethontidae
Phaethon rubricauda
Amokura / Red-tailed tropicbird
Tibiotarsus
Right
Phaethontiformes
Phaethontidae
Phaethon rubricauda
Amokura / Red-tailed tropicbird
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Pelecaniformes
Threskiornithidae
Platalea regia
Kōtuku-ngutupapa / Royal spoonbill
Coracoid
Right
Pelecaniformes
Threskiornithidae
Platalea regia
Kōtuku-ngutupapa / Royal spoonbill
Humerus
Right
Pelecaniformes
Threskiornithidae
Platalea regia
Kōtuku-ngutupapa / Royal spoonbill
Carpometacarpus
Left
Pelecaniformes
Threskiornithidae
Platalea regia
Kōtuku-ngutupapa / Royal spoonbill
Femur
Right
Pelecaniformes
Threskiornithidae
Platalea regia
Kōtuku-ngutupapa / Royal spoonbill
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Pelecaniformes
Ardeidae
Egretta novaehollandiae
Matuku moana / White-faced heron
Coracoid
Left
Pelecaniformes
Ardeidae
Egretta novaehollandiae
Matuku moana / White-faced heron
Humerus
Left
Pelecaniformes
Ardeidae
Egretta novaehollandiae
Matuku moana / White-faced heron
Ulna
Right
Pelecaniformes
Ardeidae
Egretta novaehollandiae
Matuku moana / White-faced heron
Radius
Right
Pelecaniformes
Ardeidae
Egretta novaehollandiae
Matuku moana / White-faced heron
Carpometacarpus
Left
Pelecaniformes
Ardeidae
Egretta novaehollandiae
Matuku moana / White-faced heron
Femur
Right
Pelecaniformes
Ardeidae
Egretta novaehollandiae
Matuku moana / White-faced heron
Tibiotarsus
Right
Pelecaniformes
Ardeidae
Egretta novaehollandiae
Matuku moana / White-faced heron
Tarsometatarsus
Left
Suliformes
Sulidae
Morus serrator
Tākapu / Australasian gannet
Coracoid
Right
Suliformes
Sulidae
Morus serrator
Tākapu / Australasian gannet
Humerus
Right
Suliformes
Sulidae
Morus serrator
Tākapu / Australasian gannet
Ulna
Right
Suliformes
Sulidae
Morus serrator
Tākapu / Australasian gannet
Carpometacarpus
Left
Suliformes
Sulidae
Morus serrator
Tākapu / Australasian gannet
Femur
Right
Suliformes
Sulidae
Morus serrator
Tākapu / Australasian gannet
Tibiotarsus
Left
Suliformes
Sulidae
Morus serrator
Tākapu / Australasian gannet
Tarsometatarsus
Left
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Aquila audax
Wedge-tailed eagle
Femur
Left
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Aquila audax
Wedge-tailed eagle
Tibiotarsus
Left
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Aquila audax
Wedge-tailed eagle
Tarsometatarsus
Left
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Aquila audax
Wedge-tailed eagle
Coracoid And Scapula
Left
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Aquila audax
Wedge-tailed eagle
Humerus
Left
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Aquila audax
Wedge-tailed eagle
Radius
Right
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Aquila audax
Wedge-tailed eagle
Ulna
Right
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Aquila audax
Wedge-tailed eagle
Carpometacarpus
Left
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Harpagornis moorei
Haast's eagle
Pelvis
Midline
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Circus approximans
Kāhu / Swamp harrier
Coracoid
Right
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Circus approximans
Kāhu / Swamp harrier
Humerus
Left
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Circus approximans
Kāhu / Swamp harrier
Humerus
Right
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Circus approximans
Kāhu / Swamp harrier
Radius
Right
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Circus approximans
Kāhu / Swamp harrier
Carpometacarpus
Left
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Circus approximans
Kāhu / Swamp harrier
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Circus approximans
Kāhu / Swamp harrier
Femur
Right
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Circus approximans
Kāhu / Swamp harrier
Tibiotarsus
Left
Accipitriformes
Accipitridae
Circus teauteensis
Eyles' harrier
tarsometatarsus
Right
Gruiformes
Rallidae
Gallirallus australis
Weka
Coracoid
Right
Gruiformes
Rallidae
Gallirallus australis
Weka
Humerus
Left
Gruiformes
Rallidae
Gallirallus australis
Weka
Radius
Right
Gruiformes
Rallidae
Gallirallus australis
Weka
Ulna
Left
Gruiformes
Rallidae
Gallirallus australis
Weka
Carpometacarpus
Right
Gruiformes
Rallidae
Gallirallus australis
Weka
Femur
Right
Gruiformes
Rallidae
Gallirallus australis
Weka
Tibiotarsus
Left
Gruiformes
Rallidae
Gallirallus australis
Weka
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Gruiformes
Rallidae
Porphyrio mantelli
Moho / North Island takahe
Humerus
Left
Gruiformes
Rallidae
Porzana tabuensis
Pūweto / Spotless crake
Humerus
Right
Gruiformes
Aptornithidae
Aptornis defosser
South Island adzebill
Skull
Midline
Gruiformes
Aptornithidae
Aptornis defosser
South Island adzebill
Skull with endocast
Midline
Charadriiformes
Laridae
Larus dominicanus
Karoro / Southern black-backed gull
Coracoid
Right
Charadriiformes
Laridae
Larus dominicanus
Karoro / Southern black-backed gull
Humerus
Right
Charadriiformes
Laridae
Larus dominicanus
Karoro / Southern black-backed gull
Radius
Left
Charadriiformes
Laridae
Larus dominicanus
Karoro / Southern black-backed gull
Ulna
Right
Charadriiformes
Laridae
Larus dominicanus
Karoro / Southern black-backed gull
Carpometacarpus
Left
Charadriiformes
Laridae
Larus dominicanus
Karoro / Southern black-backed gull
Femur
Right
Charadriiformes
Laridae
Larus dominicanus
Karoro / Southern black-backed gull
Tibiotarsus
right
Charadriiformes
Laridae
Larus dominicanus
Karoro / Southern black-backed gull
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Charadriiformes
Alcidae
Pinguinus impennis
Great auk
Coracoid
Right
Charadriiformes
Alcidae
Pinguinus impennis
Great auk
Humerus
Right
Charadriiformes
Alcidae
Pinguinus impennis
Great auk
Radius
Right
Charadriiformes
Alcidae
Pinguinus impennis
Great auk
Carpometacarpus
Right
Charadriiformes
Alcidae
Pinguinus impennis
Great auk
Femur
Right
Charadriiformes
Alcidae
Pinguinus impennis
Great auk
Tibiotarsus
Right
Charadriiformes
Alcidae
Pinguinus impennis
Great auk
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Columbiformes
Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae
Kererū / New Zealand pigeon
Coracoid
Right
Columbiformes
Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae
Kererū / New Zealand pigeon
Humerus
Right
Columbiformes
Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae
Kererū / New Zealand pigeon
Radius
Right
Columbiformes
Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae
Kererū / New Zealand pigeon
Ulna
Right
Columbiformes
Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae
Kererū / New Zealand pigeon
Carpometacarpus
Left
Columbiformes
Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae
Kererū / New Zealand pigeon
Femur
Right
Columbiformes
Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae
Kererū / New Zealand pigeon
Tibiotarsus
Right
Columbiformes
Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae
Kererū / New Zealand pigeon
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Cuculiformes
Cuculidae
Eudynamys taitensis
Koekoeā / Long-tailed cuckoo
Coracoid
Right
Cuculiformes
Cuculidae
Eudynamys taitensis
Koekoeā / Long-tailed cuckoo
Humerus
Right
Cuculiformes
Cuculidae
Eudynamys taitensis
Koekoeā / Long-tailed cuckoo
Radius
Left
Cuculiformes
Cuculidae
Eudynamys taitensis
Koekoeā / Long-tailed cuckoo
Carpometacarpus
Right
Cuculiformes
Cuculidae
Eudynamys taitensis
Koekoeā / Long-tailed cuckoo
Femur
Right
Cuculiformes
Cuculidae
Eudynamys taitensis
Koekoeā / Long-tailed cuckoo
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Cuculiformes
Cuculidae
Eudynamys taitensis
Koekoeā / Long-tailed cuckoo
Tibiotarsus
Right
Strigiformes
Strigidae
Ninox novaeseelandiae
Ruru / Morepork
Humerus
Right
Strigiformes
Strigidae
Ninox novaeseelandiae
Ruru / Morepork
Ulna
Right
Strigiformes
Strigidae
Ninox novaeseelandiae
Ruru / Morepork
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Strigiformes
Strigidae
Ninox novaeseelandiae
Ruru / Morepork
Tibiotarsus
Left
Strigiformes
Strigidae
Sceloglaux albifacies
Whēkau / Laughing owl
Skull With Mandible
Midline
Strigiformes
Strigidae
Sceloglaux albifacies
Whēkau / Laughing owl
Femur
Right
Strigiformes
Strigidae
Sceloglaux albifacies
Whēkau / Laughing owl
Tibiotarsus
Right
Strigiformes
Strigidae
Sceloglaux albifacies
Whēkau / Laughing owl
Tarsometatarsus
Right
Strigiformes
Strigidae
Sceloglaux albifacies
Whēkau / Laughing owl
Scapula
Right
Strigiformes
Strigidae
Sceloglaux albifacies
Whēkau / Laughing owl
Coracoid
Right
Strigiformes
Strigidae
Sceloglaux albifacies
Whēkau / Laughing owl
Humerus
Right
Strigiformes
Strigidae
Sceloglaux albifacies
Whēkau / Laughing owl
Ulna
Right
Methods

Each bone in the database refers to the method used to make the 3D model of that bone. Click on a title to collapse or expand the method details.

 

DAVID SLS-2 (structured light 3D scanner)


From Wikipedia: "...Structured light is the process of projecting a known pattern (often grids or horizontal bars) on to a scene. The way that these deform when striking surfaces allows vision systems to calculate the depth and surface information of the objects in the scene, as used in structured light 3D scanners..." We used an SLS-2 structured light 3D scanning system from DAVID Vision Systems GmbH (Koblenz, Germany; a subsidiary of HP Inc.). The structured light 3D scanning system included a 1280 9 960 pixel CMOS monochrome camera (DAVID-CAM-3.1-M; DAVID Vision Systems) and a K132 + DLP projector (Acer Incorporated, New Taipei City, Taiwan) mounted on a support bar, with the support bar attached to a tripod. Cables from the scanner and camera were attached to a laptop computer operating DAVID 3 software (version 3.10.4.4657; DAVID Vision Systems). The camera was positioned to the left of the projector on the support bar and rotated approximately 21° clockwise. The position and height of the tripod relative to the specimen, as well as the distance between the camera and projector, were adjusted until the specimen appeared in the centre of the camera view (determined from the live camera feed). The projector focus, camera focus, and camera exposure were each adjusted to produce the sharpest image of the specimen (determined from the live camera feed). The scanner was then calibrated with the 60 mm pattern on the supplied calibration panels. The dorsal surface of the specimen was imaged in eight scans by rotating the specimen approximately 45° clockwise between scans. The specimen was flipped for the ventral side to be imaged in eight scans. The specimen was then rotated onto a lateral edge for imaging, and a small dark object was positioned under the specimen to rest against. The object was repositioned for the anterior and posterior surfaces to be imaged. The collection, editing and fusing of 3D scan data was performed with DAVID 3 software. Scans were loaded into DAVID 3 and vertices from the scanning backgrounds were removed. Individual scans were aligned using the inbuilt alignment tools and a composite model was formed. Some scans completely overlapped with other scans already in the composite model and were discarded. The composite model was fused using the inbuilt fusion tool at 500 resolution (filled model and high resolution options were selected). The final fused model had a resolution of 0.20 mm between vertices. Text adapted from: Thomas DB, Hiscox JD, Dixon BJ, Potgieter J. 2016. 3D scanning and printing skeletal tissues foranatomy education. Journal of Anatomy doi: 10.1111/joa.12484




CT scanning


From Wikipedia: "...A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, and formerly known as a computerized axial tomography scan or CAT scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting..."





Additional resources
 

Fauna toolkit: Bird Bones complements the excellent resources for bird osteology that are already available online, including:

  • Aves 3D. A three dimensional database of avian skeletal morphology.

  • Baumel JJ, Witmer LM. 4. Osteologia. In: Baumel JJ (Ed.) Handbook of Avian Anatomy: Nomina Anatomic Avium. Second edition. Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club No. 23, Cambridge, MA, USA. Download from WitmerLab.

  • Ghetie, V. (1976). Anatomical Atlas of Domestic Birds. Academiei
    Republicii Socialiste Romania. Download from WitmerLab.

Citation
 

If Fauna Toolkit: Bird Bones helps with your research then please consider using the following citation:

Thomas DB, Annan G, Rayner MJ, Scofield RP (2019). Fauna Toolkit: Bird bones. Bones from living and extinct bird species. Auckland, New Zealand. URL http://www.faunatoolkit.com

Contributors
 
Daniel Thomas
Senior lecturer in vertebrate zoology at Massey University. Daniel Thomas’ research explores the evolutionary origins of birds in New Zealand and elsewhere. Daniel Thomas designed and maintains this portal and produces and uploads 3D digital replicas of bones.
Massey University, New Zealand
Paul Scofield
Senior Curator of Natural History at Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand, and Adjunct Professor in Palaeontology in the Geology Department at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand. Paul Scofield contributes 3D digital replicas of bones for this web portal.
Christchurch Museum, New Zealand; University of Canterbury, New Zealand
Matt Rayner
Curator of Land Vertebrates at Auckland War Memorial Museum, Auckland, New Zealand. Matt Rayner contributes 3D digital replicas of bones for this web portal.
Auckland War Memorial Museum, New Zealand
Guy Annan
Digital experience manager at Auckland War Memorial Museum, Auckland, New Zealand. Guy Annan facilitated the creation of this web portal site and provides expertise in web design.
Auckland War Memorial Museum, New Zealand
Emma Holvast
Graduate student studing zoology with an interest in 3D geometric morphometrics. Produces and uploads 3D digital replicas of bones.
Massey University, New Zealand
Simone Giovanardi
Graduate student studing paleontology with an interest in 3D geometric morphometrics. Produces and uploads 3D digital replicas of bones.
Massey University, New Zealand
Samantha Carruthers
Sciences student enrolled at Massey University (Albany campus)
Massey University, New Zealand
Sian Haddon
Sciences student enrolled at Massey University (Albany campus)
Massey University, New Zealand
 
Contact Us

If you have any questions or comments about Fauna Toolkit: Bird bones then please contact Dr Daniel Thomas using the form below.

Thanks! Message sent.

Background images

Background images are from Auckland Museum Collections Online. Images are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licences. Image copyrights are owned by Auckland Museum.

Disclaimer

Hypertext links to external websites from this website do not constitute an endorsement of content, goods or services offered on such websites. No responsibility is taken for the accuracy and timeliness of information provided on external websites referenced herein.